48 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
tombs of people of rank. Imhotep must have been a successful practitioner of mental medicine as well as a dispenser of physical remedies. His name which signifies ' He who comes in peace ' is a most appropriate one for a healer and one which must have brought solace and courage to many an anxious patient. Included in his titles were ' Master of secrets ', ' Protector of physicians ', ' Pursuer of virtue ', and ' Protector of seafarers \ He was also called the ' Beneficent God ' and ' The worshipful or holy God who gives a son to the one who has none \ He is said to have visited the sufifering to give them ' peaceful sleep and heal their pains and diseases \ Sick people resorted to his temples where incubation was practised.
We can easily imagine how during the long silent night watches many sufifering men and women, perhaps tossing from side to side in their pain, were worshipping the great Imhotep on whom all their hopes were centred and obeying the beautiful Egyptian maxim that has been preserved to us in the papyrus of Ani : ' When thou worshippest thy God, do it quietly and without ostentation in the sanctuary of God, to whom clamour is abhorrent. Pray to him with a longing heart, in which all thy words are hidden. So will he grant thy request, and hear that which thou sayst, and accept thy ofifering '.
Dr. Hurry Io6 concludes his work on Imhotep with a plea to enthrone him as the tutelary deity of the healing art. Imhotep, or Dr. Imhotep as Sir W. Osier calls him, is interesting because he is the first figure to stand out clearly from the mists of antiquity. Many other gods were celebrated for their magical cures.
Most powerful of all magicians was Thoth. His skill as a magician is associated with^iMs-i^eputation as the inventor of hieroglyjDhs^aadthe sciences of astronomy