60 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
the position of the planets at the moment of birth ; the position of the planets also governs the types of diseases from which he is liable to suffer \ The typical Leo native, for instance, is ' broad-shouldered and exceedingly robust in all respects \ But, as Leo governs the heart and back, he is liableMr. Scott's own father, he tells us, was an exampleto lumbago and heart disease.
Pisces, on the other hand, governs the feet; and it is ' a noteworthy fact \ Scott says, ' that people with the sign of Pisces are particularly liable to catch colds as the result of wet feet, whereas others may get their feet wet without any appreciable harm resulting \
It is obvious that to have established such a fact as this must have meant an extremely exact and patient study of an enormous number of human life-histories, and their comparison with an equally large number of similarly observed control-groups of persons not bearing the signs of Pisces. But there is no reference to such researches in Mr. Scott's book.
When we speak of a man as having a jovial or mercurial temperament, describe him as having a saturnine disposition, or call him a lunatic, we are still speaking the language of the early astrologers who devised the so-called trigons of the four elements, air, water, earth and fire. The trigon of the air as it appears in a horoscope consists of the three " aerial " signs of the zodiac, Aquarius, Gemini and Libra; the trigon of fire is made up of Aries, Leo and Sagittarius. Whoever is born in these trigons shares in their aerial or fiery nature and reveals a corresponding disposition and destiny. From this evolved the physiological type-theory of antiquity, according to which the four dispositionsthe phlegmatic, sanguine, choleric and melancholic correspond to the four humours of the body. This classification lasted nearly seventeen centuries.