PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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CHRISTOTHERAPY
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taught in the synagogue, the people marvelling at the impression of authority he gave. Among those present was an epileptic man who exhibited the excitement characteristic of his complaint, and this was accompanied by a religious hallucination often found in a certain type of epileptic. This hallucination is represented in the narrative as declaring in words the divinity of Christ, a statement which, as it is so obviously of later date, is assigned by Crum to Mark II. Possibly in order to avoid disturbance among the congregation Jesus rebuked the man by bidding him to ' be muzzled ', and to this Mark adds a saying, ' and come out of him \ It may be hazarded that the atmosphere was deficient in oxygen as this circumstance is often responsible for seizures of this kind. The man passed through a convulsion, cried with a loud voice and then became normal, a process which is interpreted as being brought about by the departure of the evil spirit. (Luke, the physician, adds in his account, ' having done him no harm ', iv, 35.) The people, who had just been impressed by Jesus' air of authority, were even more affected by what had happened and exclaimed : ' What is this ! A new teaching ! With exousia he commands even the unclean spirits ! ' Exousia is at times translated by l full authority '. But that is too limited a meaning. Exousia is a late Greek word, which Delitzsch reproduces by geburahy mighty power. Thus preaching and power over the demons are regarded here as on the same level of supernatural charismatic power. (Cf. also Whence the wisdom and the dynamis? Matt, xiii, 54.) The affair was talked about all over the district.
This story does not appear in the Gospel according to Matthew. If it were included in Matthew's copy of Mark's Gospel, he may have discarded it because of the difficulty of making a selection from the mass of