96 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
They did not voice their feeling, but Jesus, as sensitive psychically to opposition and criticism as He was to trust and loyalty, challenged their covert hostility with the words, ' Is it easier to say, " Thy sins are forgiven thee ", or to say, " Arise and walk ? " ' Then, turning to the paralytic, he said, ' Arise, take up thy bed and be off to thy home ', and the paralytic immediately rose in the presence of the whole crowd, took up his bed and went out. Naturally, the people were astonished. It should be noted that Jesus did not here profess to forgive sins ; He did not employ the mediaeval form of absolution, ' I absolve thee \ All He did was to declare forgiveness of them'Thy sins are forgiven thee'. How similar is this to the process of relieving the patient from the sense of guilt used by modern psychotherapists ? This is the only instance in which Jesus declared forgiveness to a patient in this way. It should be remembered, however, that the sense of guilt is not the same as guilt itself249 (pp. 50-51). It is generally noticed that people most prone to a sense of guilt often have not very much real guilt on their conscience. The last war produced many cases of paralysis which responded to psychotherapy.
The Healing of a Man with a Cataleptic Hand (Mark'iii, 2-5). This miracle also occurred while Jesus was in the synagogue at Capernaum on the Sabbath day. Mark's diagnosis that the hand (according to Luke, the right hand) was withered, can very well be replaced by the modern term ' cataleptic arm \ The limb was in the state known as flexibilitas cerea and would thus remain indefinitely fixed in any position in which it might be placed ; there would be practically no capacity for feeling, except carnal, and the reflexes would not operate. Mark recounts how Jesus was being narrowly watched on behalf of the ecclesiastical author-