PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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98           PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
near-by caves which were used as sepulchres ; and who was subject to what is recognizable as some form of chronic mania or of hysterical depression.
The superstitions about the insane which were prevalent among the ancients drew upon them the most cruel treatment. That certain types of maniac tended, as was noted even by Galen, to haunt cemeteries, is a standing testimony against the callous attitude adopted towards them, for it was only as a means of escaping from the living that they chose their strange dwelling-place among the dead. It was not at all unnatural that the maniac should run to Jesus as soon as he saw Him and beseech JHim to leave him alone. Mark says that Jesus asked the maniac his name and received the reply, ' My name is Legion \ In the Marcan account the explanatory words ' for we are many ' are added, but Luke takes this to be a piece of interpretation and substitutes the clause, ' for many devils were entered into him \ Matthew, on the other hand, says that there were two maniacs and thus explains why the reply was in the plural. At the same time he does not say that Jesus asked the name and accordingly omits also the reply that it was Legion. Assuming, however, that Jesus did ask, ' Who are you ? ' and obtained the reply, ' My name is Legion ', it may be doubted whether this must necessarily be interpreted quantitatively. It might be taken qualitatively. There is agreement among the three evangelists that the man was exceedingly fierce and of such unusual strength that ' no man could any more bind him ' ; he had broken the chains and fetters which had been put upon him and his cries could be heard, day and night, as he rushed about the hills, cutting himself on the sharp stones. Merely to possess such strength was to be regarded by the ancients as being under the influence