104 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
what is now known as extra sensory perception. It must be recognized that in telling the woman that it was by her faith that she had been healed, Jesus was deliberately emphasizing the part that the recipient had played in the cure.
While Jesus was still speaking to this woman, people came from the house of Jairus and said to him : ' Thy daughter is dead ; why worry the teacher any further ? ' Matthew, who states from the beginning that the child is dead, omits this incident; and it is scarcely likely that anyone would dare disturb the ruler of the synagogue with news of this kind. It may be that it was being discussed in the crowd, for anyone passing the house would have heard the sounds of mourning. But, in the Near East, mourning is by no means a certain indication that death has taken place ; usually it begins while the patient is still dying and his last hours are not allowed to pass peacefully. Wailing takes place immediately coma occurs. David's lamentation before the death of his son is a classical example of this custom (2 Sam. xii, 15-23). It is not unreasonable to conjecture that Jesus asked Jairus about his daughter's state of health. In the East etiquette demands that even laymen should ask about sick people when they meet their relatives, this being the usual means of showing sympathy. It is also possible that in this instance Jesus was using his gift of diakrisis of which we have numerous other examples. When Nathaniel came to Jesus He said to him without having made any previous enquiry : ' Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile ! Before Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee/ We read in another place how He was able to describe to a Samaritan woman all the important events of her past life, so that she was astonished and went to tell her friends, saying, ' Come, see a man, Who