PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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CHRISTOTHERAPY
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temerity of man in adding entire trees {i.e. masts) and sails to ships and in collecting winds and squalls with sails. In Victor Hugo's The Toilers of the Seas, the Channel Islanders regarded the steamboat as the ' devil boat \ A local preacher delivered a discourse on the subject, ' Whether man had the right to make fire and water work together when God has divided them \ When the winnowing machine was introduced to Scotland to replace the more primitive flail a similar opposition was encountered. The introduction of chloroform as an anaesthetic by Sir James Y. Simpson met with violent opposition as contrary to God's plan. To this he replied by quoting Gen. ii, 21. Dr. Grenfell found a similar opposition to anaesthetics in Labrador, and it took him years to wear it down. As one old woman expressed it, 'If the blessed Lord sends pain, us has got to bear it \148
Doubtless, popular superstition in the time of Jesus took devil-possession seriously, but there is insufficient evidence to show that Jesus Himself was in agreement with it. His answer to John is a clear indication that He was not, and that He did not teach it. And how appropriate to us is the answer He gave to John, ' Blessed is he, whosoever shall find none occasion of stumbling in Me \
Before a final judgment on this point is arrived at it is worth while considering whether Jesus believed in the existence of Satan or any power corresponding to popular ideas about him. The answer which used to be given to this question is that Jesus did think that the forces of evil were personified in Satan and that we must accept His view as authoritative : a more usual answer nowadays is that Jesus accepted the prevalent metaphysical ideas of His age but that we need not follow Him in this. This solution of the problem, how-