PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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safe to assume that men of genius hold the same ideas as their contemporaries in every detail. To a certain extent they must do so for they cannot entirely transcend their environment; but they wear their rue with a difference. The Hippocratic School had denied the supposed interference of devils in mental disorders hundreds of years before and, as we have seen, this denial is repeated in the Talmud, especially with regard to epilepsy. Thus if Jesus did hold that mental disorders were not due to demoniacal influence He was by no means original. Those who, on the authority of Jesus, have accepted the idea of demon-possession, may be disappointed at our having reached this conclusion. To such are applicable the words which Jesus used in answer to John the Baptist, ' Do not be distressed if things are not turning out in accordance with your plan \
Is there any convincing reason, in the light of modern experience, for believing in the existence of such a being as Satan ? There does not appear to be. The activities assigned by Jewish and Christian writers to Satan are accounted for in other ways by our scientists. Various forms of physical evil and moral and mental obliquity, which used to be attributed to the instigation and activity of Satan, are now ascribed to other causes which account for them in a more adequate manner. As a consequence, there being nothing left for Satan to do, he ceases to exist as a working hypothesis which is no longer needed.
Jesus seems to have held that in the healing of both mental and physical cases the effective factor is faith ; and herein lies His great originality. While in the New Testament the miracles are ascribed to the dynamis, Jesus would have said that faith is the dynamic which ousts diseases. It is abundantly clear that although