132 PSYCHOTHERAPY: SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
our species can boast'. Genius is more prone to create than to borrow, to strike out new paths for itself rather than to follow pedestrians on the highway ; and Jesus has claims, although there are many who would deprive Him of every element of originality, to be regarded as a supreme moral and spiritual genius. Jesus, in Matthew Arnold's phrase, is not only above the heads of His reporters, but is also above the heads of His modern critics.
Genius, according to Schopenhauer, is 'the completest objectivity ', and there is something in Jesus which throws light on this high conception. ' Every genius ', says Nietzsche, ' wears a mask/ In the Roman theatre the mask worn by the players was known as the ' persona ' and it is from this word that the English ' personality ' is derived. And it is precisely about the personality of Jesus, the mask He wore, that controversy has raged most. In Luke iv we read how one day Jesus read the Scriptures in the synagogue at Nazareth, choosing the following passage: ' The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He appointed me to preach good tidings to the poor : He hath sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord \ Closing the book, Jesus said, ' Today hath this scripture been fulfilled in your ears \ This, then, was how Jesus thought of Himself. Otto m takes this to be a genuine estimate of Jesus, Whom he considers to be primarily charismatic, having the gift of besorah to preach authoritatively the final dawning of the hoped-for time of salvation, having the gift of exorcism to proclaim release to the captives, and also that of healing generally. This, he says, is the only way in which the historical consequence of Jesus' life, the production of a spirit-led and enthusiastic church, can be explained. -