PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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142         PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
(gnoseos) : pistis (faith) was mightily working, mountain-removing faith ; healing ; energemata dynameon, that is miraculous mighty works of a kind closely determined ; prophecy; glossolalia, ecstatic speech; and the strange diakrisis pneumaton or distinguishing of spirits. In addition, chapter xiii describes the more specifically religious gifts such as charismatic love, and also faith and hope. We also find mentioned by Paul, horasis, the gift of seeing in dreams and visions ; experiences of rapture such as his own transport into the third heaven; and the gift of exorcism, which Paul himself also exercises. Not every possible charismatic gift is included, however. Rather, he prefers to restrict them to a definitely limited group of heightened psychic powers similar in character and flowing from a single pneuma. Nor is their working unlimited : the gift of prophecy does not imply omniscience ; nor that of healing, omnipotence, for not every sick person is healed ; the exousia of proclamation does not convey infallibility. The charismatic himself is not a unique being, possessing something peculiar to himself, but has gifts which can be developed in all believers who have received the spirit. On the whole, however, charismatics form a definite spiritual type, recognizable as a unity. Speaking generally it may be said that these gifts are mysterious heightenings of talents and capacities which, if they are not identical with those found in normal people, at least have their analogues there. They are not supernatural invasions into the life of nature. No nature miracles such as the alleged standing still of the sun nor the collapse of the walls of Jericho (hortentia, miracula, prodigid) emerge from them. The charismatic is also different from the conjurer who works for the sake of display. Paul is an example of this principle. Although he knew the powers of the spirit to be operative in himself he