148 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
said, having been conceived according to the will of God, the Father, for the sake of believing men, and for the destruction of the demons. And now you can learn this from what is under your own observation. For numberless demoniacs throughout the whole world, and in your city, many of our Christian men exorcising them in the Name of Jesus Christ, Who was crucified under Pontius Pilate, have healed and do heal, rendering helpless and driving out of the men the possessing devils, though they could not be cured by all the other exorcists, and those who used incantations and drugs/
Not only was Jesus supposed to be the agency through which the exorcism was done, but the gift of exorcism itself, that which Paul had believed to have come from the spirit, was regarded as emanating from Him, though He Himself had spoken as if He were the anointed of God. Eusebius55 (v, 7), quoting Irenaeus who wrote about the year a.d. 180, says : ' His true disciples, receiving grace from Him (Christ), perform such works in His Name for the benefit of other men, as each has received the gift from Him. For some of them drive out demons effectually and truly, so that those who have been cleansed from evil spirits frequently believe and unite with the Church. . . . Still others heal the sick by the laying on of hands and restore them to health.' From this we see that the Name of Christ came to be used in the treatment of those mental disorders which were regarded as devil-possession, while Peter used it in dealing with a lame man. The whole question of the aetiology of disease was at this time debated by scientists and theologians, especially in Alexandria ; but opinions were divided about it, as this extract from the works of Clement of Alexandria shows :
1 For the soul being turned by faith, as it were, into the nature of water, quenches the demon as a spark of