PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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v                     THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHOTHERAPY                 211
deeply paternalistic qualities of the man. One commentator, who was himself a witness of M. Coue's work, wrote as follows: ' Indeed M. Coue himself, though keeping his religious views very much in the background, lived a life in which the practical virtues of Christianity were clearly manifest'26 (p. 20). ' He is a power of goodness', said Mme. Emile Leon, one of his nearest associates, ' indefatigably painstaking, active and smiling, ready to help everyone/ While MacNaghten I57 (p. 47) wrote as follows : ' M. Coue seems to have divined from the first that loving is its own reward. Rich and poor, bad and good, to him they are all men and women, and if they need his help he gives it to them, without distinction, in his all-embracing charity/
Perhaps the most significant development in psychotherapy is that for which Freud is responsible. For about two decades psychoanalysis was almost solely the product of his indomitable efforts. For four decades it has been his passion and his life. The story of psychoanalysis is the story of Freud.
Sigmund Freud, born in 1856 in Freiburg, of a Jewish middle-class family, showed early in his career a predilection for science, but it was not at first his intention to study medicine.76 For about six years he worked in the neuro-physiological laboratory of the famous Briicke in Vienna, and in 1882 Freud entered the hospital for training as a junior physician. Under the direction of the great Meynert he gave promise of becoming a gifted worker in the Institute for Cerebral Anatomy in Vienna. By this time Freud had been given the post of lecturer in neuro-pathology at the University of Vienna.
Despite his neurological training Freud, in company with his associate, realized the inadequacy of all prevailing treatment of nervous conditions.