v THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHOTHERAPY 217
About 1908 the ' friends of the young science ' met at Salzburg and made arrangements for the publication of a Journal of Psychoanalysis. The chief obstacle against which Freud had to fight was the disinclination of physicians to entertain the idea that sexuality could exist in childhood, or that perverse sexual fantasies or hidden wishes could be present in patients whose outward conduct they knew to be irreproachable. Psychiatrists treating their cases with the aid of psychoanalytic technique were astonished at the truth of his findings. Freud's genius lay in his capacity for observation.
In an estimate of the work of Freud, Morton Prince l83 wrote as follows : ' Freud did what no-one else had# succeeded in doing ; he made the psychological world and the medical world take notice. . . . Psychoanalytic methods, observations, and doctrines soon displaced or obscured those of all other workers in the field ; and, in fact, captured abnormal psychology. . . . Freudian psychology had flooded the field like a full rising tide, and the rest of us were left submerged like clams buried in the sands at low water.'
Dr. William Brown27 says: ' Many of Freud's observations are of great importance, and the stimulating power of most of his enquiries is profound. There are not many people who accept every word of his doctrine, but most of those competent to judge acclaim him the psychological genius of his age/
The result of hostile criticism was to band the few active psychoanalysts together more firmly, so that in 1910 the International Psychoanalytic Association was formed, and within the next decade or so local groups arose in Europe and America. The total effect of this was not altogether advantageous. In the words of Havelock Ellis : ' It has been the unfortunate fact that at an early period Freud became the head of a sect. . . .