PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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Synopsis of Chapter VI
Personality, the emergent synthesis of the psychophysical attributes of the individual in relation to his whole environment, can only be anatomically portrayed by a comprehensive psychology which considers the three contemporary schools synthetically.
Behaviourism, eliminating consciousness altogether, does away with the will, but in other aspects has points in common with Christianity. The related Gestalt theory supports the doctrine of emergence.
The hormic school stresses the instincts and locates personality in the organized group of native and acquired dispositions to action displayed in behaviour.
The psychoanalytic theory with its conception of the Ego and the Id points to the anatomy of personality revealed in the depths of the unconscious as a system of libidinous wishes perpetually striving against repressing forces. In Adler's view modifications of personality are determined by the ' end in view \ i complete masculinity \ The sense of inferiority with the compensatory will to power is the chief agent in determining the behaviour of the individual. Jung discerns the opposing tendencies, masculine in a woman and feminine in a man, in the unconscious of the persona. His too complicated theories of the Collective Unconscious and the psychological types, like Kretsch-mer*s body types, though valuable, are still unaccepted in their entirety.
The theological trichotomy with its merely verbal distinction cannot be maintained on either the Pauline ' spiritual body' or Lodge's 4 etheric body ' hypothesis. Continuity, championed by religion, and implying emergence of personality, provides a reasonable clue to its spiritual aspect of personality.
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