PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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vi                 THE ANATOMY OF HUMAN PERSONALITY             243
ment in the body are almost limitless for the swaddling. The libido is fixated in various levels of the body. The infant need go no further than its own body for the gratification of its desire for pleasure.
As the infant grows, it extends its interest to the individuals constantly in view, the one especially who attends to all its cravings. The new object of interest becomes the new object of love. The growing child throws out its love-energy to the mother. During the next few years, interest in others grows apace. The child discovers it has a father, grandparents, aunts and uncles. To each a quantity of love is thrown out. The libido which the child until then invested in itself is pushed out to the parents or their equivalent.
As his experience is limited he regards the mother or mother-substitute as something to satisfy his wishes. But sometimes she is busy or not at hand and he experiences anxiety and feels hostility towards her. He also develops jealousy of the father and of the other persons who take some of the mother's affection and interest. Thus he develops an ambivalent attitude towards those around him. Because he is dependent on these people he is afraid of his hostile feelings towards them. This leads to a conflict leading to the projection of his own impulses and to the formation of an external standard known as the Super-ego during the early emotional period ending about the sixth year. From then till about eleven is the latency period when the child is more interested in practical activities and less interested in fantasy and day-dreaming, and sexual curiosity seems to be submerged. Puberty brings a period of emotionality, of fantasy and day-dreaming as well as sexual interest somewhat similar to the earlier pre-latency period but the fantasies and day-dreams of this period are not as egocentric as in the earlier period. Play,