vi THE ANATOMY OF HUMAN PERSONALITY 255
criminal). It may also lead to flight into neurosis. Every^jieurqsis according to Adler is a ' Yes But'. ' Yes I could do this or that, but for my illness, my nervous condition, my deafness, etc/ This attitude saves his pride and at the same time brings him sympathy and attention. The treatment of the neurotic and the delinquent consists in making him recognize his life goal and bringing it into touch with reality, for as he can only find a real goal in society he must ultimately find that his will for supremacy must find expression in a social direction. Consequently Adler never lost sight of the sociological conditions in which his patients lived.5a
It will be seen that Adler's view of the sexual instinct revolves around the expression of sex as the will-to-power. In the words of a critic, Adler's aim was to dethrone Eros, cast aside love and substitute power as the supreme motive of life.
Jung directs his attention to what he calls the persona. This is what we are to the world, or what we are supposed to be. It is that part of our personality which we present to the world labelled with our name. Behind this persona lie the deeper, unconscious tendencies that do not show on the surface but influence our behaviour. Jung thinks that physiologically we are conditioned to be either masculine or feminine, to present a masculine or feminine persona to the world. But in the unconscious he also discerns these opposing tendencies, masculine in a woman, and feminine in a man.
The German philosopher, Weininger,242 promulgated a theory of the relative amounts of masculinity and femininity in people, expressed in a ratio differing for each individual. The male or female individual has varying proportions of femininity (F) and masculinity (M).