Synopsis of Chapter VIII
It is possible to obtain a unified body of clinical data for a synthetic approach.
Guided mainly by the free association of ideas, the interpretation of dreams, artistic expression, etc., the analyst helps his patient to self-realization. Transference is invaluable in solving unconscious resistances. The distinction between anxiety and fear is vital. Freud has transformed the conception of dreams and demonstrated their immense importance as * the royal road to the unconscious \
The meaning of dreams as disguised wish fulfilment is illustrated by a reinterpretation of Pharaoh's dream. Nightmares though often organically stimulated are generally psychologically determined. The unconscious also betrays itself in word-slips.
An Adlerian attempts to discover the patient's goal in life especially in its social interplay. Dreams interpret problems allegorically, but Individual Psychology does not delve deeply into the unconscious.
For fung, however, with his theory of the collective unconscious and his religious interpretations, dreams are both retrospective and prophetic, as with Stekel. His word-association test is invaluable in analysis.
In the face of the great success of analysis, e.g. in relieving the sense of guilt and in releasing libido fixation, objections to its use are unjustifiable.
The title Father in confession indicates a resemblance to the transference situation. Traditionally the confessor is also judge, but herein he differs not only from the analyst but also from fesus Himself.
Confession, though only dealing with conscious problems, is valuable as a spiritual hygiene ; so also despite unfounded criticisms is adequate deep analysis, fohn viii, /■//, throws light on both practices.