PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE AND CONFESSIONAL         309
it is the solution of these unconscious resistances which demands major attention. In the course of the resolution of these resistances, earlier memories and emotions are revived and brought into consciousness, and the reasons for the resistances are revealed. Now the analysis goes deeper, finding itself carried back inevitably to earlier emotional patterns. Against the background of the analyst, the patient re-lives the emotions of his daily life, until he sees with startling clarity that what he considered mature judgments and feelings were merely an enlarged reflection of earlier infantile emotions.
But how is it possible for the patient in the course of treatment to bring up these buried emotions and bits of experience, when he wants, obviously, to conceal them even from his conscious self ? The answer to this question brings us to the crux of the matter. It is that the patient gives up the closely guarded unconscious life by virtue of transference which he or she makes to the analyst. By transference is meant the unconscious attachment of the patient to the physician, who ultimately plays the same role as the father did in the patient's childhood. As we have seen, this is an ambivalent relationship and the analyst receives both hostile and ' love ' emotions known as negative and positive transference. In the ordinary relationship between patient and physician, this tie is, if anything, discouraged should it come to the surface. We disguise this relationship by imputing to the doctor ' personality ', ' bedside manner', or the ability to inspire confidence. The thought which is our inner perception of this emotional bond : ' The doctor is here ; everything will be all right', confers an immeasurable feeling of relief. The patient unconsciously feels in his healer the presence of all-powerful father. The emotion of the infantile parent-child relationship is revived and transferred to the doctor