310 PSYCHOTHERAPY: SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
through the merging of the image of the parent and the physician. As Freud has said, i The psychoanalytic treatment does not create the transference, but simply uncovers it. . . .'
So important is transference that Freud told Grod-deck that anyone who understood this phenomena was capable of practising analysis. Elsewhere he wrote, ' We have to admit that we have only abandoned hypnosis in our methods in order to discover suggestion again in the shape of the transference ' ; and again, ' Analytic therapy takes hold deeper down nearer the roots of the disease, among the conflicts from which the symptoms proceed ; it employs suggestion to change the outcome of these conflicts \ Is this factor of suggestion the reason why ' while the pupils of Freud confirm by their clinical observations the findings of their master, the pupils of Jung, working with weapons forged of much the same material and in a closely similar pattern, have no difficulty in finding ample clinical confirmation for the quite disparate tenets of Jung ' ?
The transference situation is, in truth, a new neurosis, the so-called transference neurosis. This is used by the analyst, however, to ' work through ' the infantile conflicts on which the neurosis is based. The patient lives out his original neurosis on the analyst as a background. When he has seen the structure of this artificial transference neurosis and understands why it occurs, the patient obtains an insight or, what is more important, obtains an emotional release that is impossible with any other method of psychotherapy.
The analysis of a neurotic involves, as we said, first the comparatively lengthy process of establishing the transference and then the more trying one of resolving it. During all this time the defensive mechanisms or ' resistance ' are operating, trying to inconvenience the