vni ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE AND CONFESSIONAL 315
Pharaoh ' never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness ' ; and when they had eaten up the fat kine, ' it could not be known that they had eaten them, but they were still as ill-favoured as at the beginning \ The dreams are divided into five sections.
(1) Pharaoh is standing by the river. He himself is a god and he is standing by the chief of gods, the Nile, the source of his country's life, on whose flooding depends the fertility of the soil. In Egyptian mythology the Nile is Hapi (who is identified with Osiris), the son of Nut, the Cow of Heaven, who is wedded to I sis, the cow, or the woman with cow's horns. I sis is the mother earth, the fertile plain of the Delta, who, in union with the river or by her own creative activity, gave birth to Horus, a sun god. The Nile is responsible for a good harvest, but Pharaoh, too, is responsible because he also is a god, and if the crops should fail he will be blamed by the people.
(2) Seven fat cows come up out of the river and feed in a meadow. The Nile-God, the source of life, gives birth as it were to another god, the seven-fold cow, Hathor. Hathor was, par excellence, the cow-goddess, * the great power of nature, which was perpetually conceiving, and creating and bringing forth, and rearing and maintaining all things both great and small ' (Wallis Budge, The Gods of the Egyptians). She personified love, and as such was benign and beneficent. But the passion of love can have a terrible aspect, and so had Hathor, the seven cows pictured in the Book of the Dead (Wallis Budge) as a seven-fold Hathor. In the dream all is well with these cow-gods. They graze in good pasture and grow fat.
(3) Then seven other cows appear. These are half-starved and disreputable, but are also offspring of the god, the source of life. They graze side by side with