PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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vni           ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE AND CONFESSIONAL         323
dangers, hastens to socialize her child from the earliest moment. Herein perhaps lies one of the values of the Adlerian psychology for child guidance. Not only must parents be taught to love their children, but to guide them, and guidance in the Adlerian sense means to direct the will to power into social channels. Adler admitted that strong suggestions are made to the patient to abandon the abnormal reactions, and to find satisfaction in a social outlet. This, of course, is quite different from the Freudian conception of sublimation. Individual Psychology appears to deal satisfactorily with the type of neurosis in which feelings of inferiority and over-compensation are directly involved.
Freud, however, remarks that ' The sense of inferiority has a strong erotic basis. The child feels itself inferior when it perceives that it is not loved, and so does the adult as well. . . . But the major part of the sense of inferiority springs from the relationship of the ego to its super-ego, and, like the sense of guilt, it is an expression of the tension between them. The sense of inferiority and the sense of guilt are exceedingly difficult to distinguish ' 7S (pp. 88r89).
Jung's principal contribution to the analytical technique is the word-association teatI21 which is simply a controlled adaptation of the free-association method. Words from a selected list are slowly read to the patient who is required to react to each word with the first association that comes to his mind. If the patient supplies an unusual association it is a sign of some complex. Likewise a delay in the time taken to react implies that the first associations are being suppressed, and this is a sure sign of an emotional conflict.
This technique is fairly widely used in clinics dealing with problem children and is sometimes used in criminal investigation.