350 PSYCHOTHERAPY: SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
more and more clear that to reach their highest effectiveness any suggestions must be put positively. There has been much controversy about the role of the passes, which, though not absolutely necessary are very valuable, and most experienced hypnotists make use of them instinctively.
Describing Lloyd Tuckey's method, Cannon writes :
It is sometimes an assistance to lay one's hand gently
but firmly on the forehead. (One to three minutes are
usually required by this method to produce the hypnotic
condition) '33 (p. 6).
In recording Bernheim's method, he states, ' As a rule I simply declare, " You are asleep ", making a movement of my hand in front of the patient's eyes and the subject is immediately hypnotized ' 33 (p. 9).
Again in describing Binet and Fere's Method of Fascination, he writes, ' Remember that manipulations about the head have in many persons a most soporific effect' 33 (p. 18).
The resemblance between the use of the hands in hypnotism and the laying on of hands in its religious practice is interesting. As we saw in the second chapter, the laying of the hands was practised in Egypt, Babylonia, as it was among the Jews. There are still people like the late Mr. Hickson 39 and his disciples who believe that healing can be wrought by the laying on of hands, believing that in a strange manner power is conveyed by it from one person to another, while others regard it from the point of view of suggestive value.
It has now been abundantly proved that hypnosis can be induced in the great majority of people, provided that they willingly submit themselves to the process. Many of the most experienced operators agree that failure to induce hypnosis in any case is due either to lack of skill and tact on the part of the operator or