xi A SYNTHETIC PHILOSOPHY OF LIVING 411
sepulchres full of dead men's bones to describe a life, fair without and loathsome within, presents a cross-section of the superficially good and fundamentally rotten which seizes the imagination. The utterance which we often describe as the Sermon on the Mount has as one of its leading themes this taking men from the outer and fastening their eyes upon the inner. The man who prays upon the street corner but has no corner for prayer in his heart is held up to scorn. He who gives lavishly in public but has no love of giving for its own sake in his heart is exhibited in all the cross externalism of his life. The searchlight of Jesus penetrates the last recesses of men's souls and finds in its final lair the true motive which is behind the deed. Jesus delivered ethics from dependence upon the visible and set up the moral tribunal in the invisible recesses of the heart. But while all this is true the same mighty Master of the art and practice of living put a tremendous emphasis upon conduct. ' Why call you Me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say ? ' 'If you love Me, keep My commandments/ ' If you keep My commandments, you shall abide in My love/ ' He that heareth these sayings of Mine and does them is like a man whose house was built upon a rock/ ' He that wills to do shall know/ So runs the marvellous refrain of great utterances whose consummation is action.
The conceptions of goodness as an inner state and as a mode of conduct met and found perfect harmony in the higher unity of the teaching of Jesus. So the outer and the inner meet and blend in the Christian experience of the ethical life, and are changed from the enforced obedience of ethical slavery to glad and spontaneous freedom of a morally and spiritually creative life. This is what Paul means when he talks of being no more a bond-servant but a son and heir. The budding stage