PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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432          PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
discovery and in healing, the breath of inspiration blows where it lists and none knows whence it comes or whither it goes.
Prinzhorn gives the following prescription for the compounding of the ideal psychotherapist, ' One wise priest from each of the great religious communities, one lawyer, one teacher, one psychologist, one wise philosopher, and three physicians possessing a very firm biological basis \ Yet, however ambitious of reaching the highest peak of efficiency the aspirant may be, he can hardly make it his business to secure a full training in all the professions mentioned in this half-humorous suggestion. Indeed there are many aspects of each which are quite unnecessary to him. That he must assimilate the spirit of them all is true, and any corporation which attempts to set out a course of training for psychotherapists will have to include in it a study of each. Every founder of an important school of psychotherapy has given an outline of the kind of preparation his disciples should make before engaging in practical work.
The treatment of the human mind is an occupation which requires the greatest skill and insight, for any mishandling may lead to the most pathetic results in the lives of individuals and families. Thus Freud, in his usual fascinating and lucid style, passed an unhesitating condemnation on ' quacks \ who have not been fully prepared for this special work. In his opinion it is not the possession of an M.D. degree which makes a man a competent psychoanalyst, but rather the innate gift of insight into the human soul, into the deepest levels of his own soul, and in addition practical training. On the other hand, Freud fully recognizes the danger of confusing diseases which need the skill of the physician with those which should be dealt with by the analyst.