PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS

A Broad Perspective on Mental Healing

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434        PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
by it, and most of the medical curriculum would be of no use to him. In a psychoanalytical college, were such an institution at present imaginable, the curriculum would have to include biology, the science of sex, instruction on such disturbances as belong to the realm of psychiatry, history of civilization, mythology, psychology of religion and literature, apart altogether from the psychology of the depths, which would, of course, be the subject of chief importance. Without an acquaintance with all these branches of learning, the analyst would be unable fully to grasp the problems with which he would be constantly faced. The knowledge of his patient for which the analyst reaches out is entirely different from that which is sought by the medical man. ' Although philosophy may succeed in bridging the chasm between body and soul', says Freud, ' as far as our own experience is concerned, this chasm, nevertheless, exists, presenting itself in an especially striking light, as regards our practical endeavours ' {ibid.). Thus it is unjust and impractical to force a person to take a circuitous route via medical training, ' if this person be bent upon relieving another individual from the agonies of a phobia or fixed idea \ But there is little need to be afraid that the medical profession will be able to make psychoanalysis impossible by insisting on these demands, since it would be impracticable to prevent the practice of it by non-medical men, and it is unlikely that human nature will not rise above any restriction which may be made as regards the means of obtaining the requisite knowledge.
Another point made by Freud in this connection has to do with analyses which are carried out for other than therapeutic purposes. Apart from neurotics there are many normal people who wish to use the conclusions of psychoanalytical research to help them in their inter-