438 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
ever to do with a particular creed or membership of a church. Here . . . then, the clergyman stands before a vast horizon. But it would seem as if no one had noticed it. It also looks as though the Protestant clergyman of to-day was insufficiently equipped to cope with the urgent psychic needs of our age. It is indeed high time for the clergyman and the psychotherapist to join forces to meet this great spiritual task. . . . That is why we psychotherapists must occupy ourselves with problems which, strictly speaking, belong to the theologian ' I25 (pp. 264-265 and 278).
The roots of psychoneuroses, Jung believes, ultimately lie in the fact that the patient can find no meaning in life. There may also, it is true, be some deep-seated wound in the unconscious, but this very often only causes trouble because it is exacerbated by some struggle, some need which the patient vaguely recognizes but cannot satisfy, such as the necessity for an intelligent and purposive outlook upon life. But what is the doctor to do if he is faced with a situation of this kind ? He sees that the illness is really due to the patient's having no love, but only sexuality ; no faith because he is afraid to grope in the dark ; no hope, because he is disillusioned by the world and by life ; and no understanding, because he has failed to read the meaning of his own existence.
Many patients of the more educated type refuse to consult a clergyman, and are still less anxious to delve into the apparently barren leaves on which the ramblings of the philosophers are inscribed. There seems to be no one to whom the distressed patient can turn for intellectual and spiritual guidance. The faith, hope and love for which he craves cannot, indeed, be manufactured for him but are gifts which he can only acquire in the turmoil of experience of life. What can be done is to help him to know himself; to recognize more accurately what his