146 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
of which is an eschatological portion which it may be taken for granted was inserted later ; while the latter is from what has been called the appendix, which was a second-century attempt to complete the Gospel.
Jesus based all His activities on a knowledge of human nature and did all for the uplifting of mankind. No one was ever known to depart from Him in a worse condition than when he came, and His purpose was to ' make all things new \ Sometimes, however, His followers were mistaken in the use to which they thought their powers should be put. On the few occasions on which they did act with or without using this formula they brought about something which would not have been pleasing to their Master. By the strength of his will, for example, Peter compassed the death of Ananias and Sapphira for withholding part of their offering to the Church (Acts v, 1-11) ; and Paul, by his curse (using the phrase,' the Hand of the Lord '), took away the sight of Elymas the sorcerer (Acts xiii, 6-12). When the disciples asked Jesus to permit them to perform a similar miracle, to bring down fire from heaven to consume the Samaritans, He had checked them (Luke ix, 54-56). It might almost be said, to use mediaeval phraseology, that Jesus always employed ' white magic ', but when the disciples misunderstood its correct application it became 1 black magic \
Developments in the Christological controversy which led to an increased emphasis on the divinity of Jesus almost to the exclusion of His humanity encouraged the practice of exorcism and at the same time strengthened the belief in the power of His name over demons. During the first three centuries of the Christian era a wide latitude of opinion was observable as regards the cosmo-logical status of the Logos (the Third Person of the Trinity Who was supposed to have become incarnate in