392 PSYCHOTHERAPY : SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS chap.
taneous type, whose normal condition is best expressed by a phrase that has lately come into common use, ' Religion as a life'. It (designates the attitude peculiar to a consciousness which has been altered by the experience of the numinosum'I26 (p. 6). It is best seen in the thousands of cheerful, wholesome, sometimes commonplace people who, though very much like others in most respects, meet their problems and look out upon their world in the light of an inner experience whose authority they never doubt. This belief in their God determines the whole tenor of their lives ; ' by these things men live \
Personal inner experience, the unreasoned (though by no means unreasonable) religious attitude toward the universe, is the source from which religion in these days of naturalism and agnosticism, of indifference and hostility, can draw its life. Here is something independent of but not contradictory to literary criticism, scientific discovery, or philosophic thought. From this spring religious convictions that will hear of no denial, that bear their own passports and refuse to be discredited. ' There is a difference', said Emerson, ' between one and another hour of life in their authority and subsequent effect. Our faith comes in moments, or vice is habitual. Yet there is a depth in those brief moments which constrains us to ascribe more reality to them than to all other experiences/ This is the universal testimony of the religious consciousness ; and the time is coming and is, in spite of some theological critics, not far distant when this inner experience, this spiritual insight, will be recognized as a sound basis of religious belief.
Its content must be formulated and made articulate by thought. It must forever express itself in forms and symbols which will always vary with different peoples and different times, and they will arise and